A Patient with Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy

Document Type : Case Report

Authors

1 Children Growth Disorder Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 Department of Gastroenterology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Abstract

Background: Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) presents during the first two years of life. It is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disease with loss of cutaneous fat and various complaints and complications such as diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridaemia and hepatic steatosis.
Case Report: A patient was hospitalized with abdominal distention, weight loss, irritability, and pruritus. Massive hepatomegaly, huge splenomegaly, multiple significant lymphadenopathies, hypertrichosis, generalized subcutaneous fat loss with bird-faced, increased musculature, and prominent superficial veins were detected on examination. In paraclinical evaluation, hyperlipidemia and severe liver fibrosis (grade 5) were diagnosed, and she was discharged as a case of congenital generalized lipodystrophy.
Conclusion: In an approach to a child with hepatosplenomegaly, lipodystrophy should be in mind.

Keywords


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Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 19 June 2022
  • Receive Date: 19 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 19 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 19 June 2022